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Fiber post-processing and atomic spectroscopy for the development of atomic-vapour photonic microcell

Abstract : This thesis reported on atomic spectroscopy for the development of alkaline atomic vapor photonic microcell (PMC). The work is motivated by reproducing the outstanding laboratory environment based performances achieved in the fields of frequency standard and coherent optics in highly compact and stand-alone devices that can be accessible to a wider scientific community or to a commercial market. In our case these future devices will be based a Hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) filled with a gas phase material to form a PMC, and outstands with an ultra-long long interaction length and micrometric modal area. However, the micrometric scale of the fiber core harboring the atoms raises several technical and scientific challenges. Among the technical challenges, we list the development of efficient process for atom loading inside long hollow fiber with small core diameter, the suppression or mitigation of physio-chemical reactivity of the atoms (i.e. Rubidium) with the fiber core inner-surface silica etc. In parallel, the large surface-to-volume ratio of the fiber-core raises questions like the coherence relaxation dynamics and the nature and effect of the atom-surface interaction. The thesis reports on fiber-core inner surface coating with different materials to mitigate the physio-chemical reactions of the confined atoms with the surface, on tapering large core inhibited coupling Kagome HC-PCF, and splicing technique that ensures low splice loss and no atomic reactivity during the splicing process. In parallel, the thesis reports on a set of spectroscopy experiments to assess the relaxation dynamics of atoms inside HC-PCF and to report on novel sub-Doppler transparencies.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 27, 2017 - 10:19:47 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:48:57 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 28, 2017 - 12:31:51 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01595959, version 1



Ximeng Zheng. Fiber post-processing and atomic spectroscopy for the development of atomic-vapour photonic microcell. Optics / Photonic. Université de Limoges, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0031⟩. ⟨tel-01595959⟩



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