Etude expérimentale des effets hydrodynamiques des décharges nanosecondes répétitives pulsées (NRP) dans l'interaction plasma-flamme

Abstract : Different phenomena are involved in plasma-assisted ignition/combustion and result in a complex interaction of physico-chemical and hydrodynamic processes. However, in the literature, the influence of the hydrodynamic effects is often neglected and most of studies support chemical and thermal effects as the main mechanisms of interaction. The aim of this experimental study is to highlight the role of the hydrodynamic effects of NRP discharges for a better comprehension of the main mechanisms involved in plasma-flame interaction. PIV is performed to characterize the airflow and study plasma-inert flow interaction. This approach enabled highlight hydrodynamic effects of NRP discharges, namely a shock wave (1-30 μs) and a hot kernel (30-500μs). A constant volume combustion chamber is then used in reactive case to conduct single shot experiments of methane-air mixture ignition by NRP discharges in laminar and turbulent configurations. Simultaneous PLIF and chemiluminescence respectively on OH and OH* radicals are performed. An analysis based on apparent flame velocity of the reactive front is conducted in order to understand the ignition process as well as the observed flame front wrinkling as the number of discharges pulses is increased.
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Allassane Seydou Moumouni. Etude expérimentale des effets hydrodynamiques des décharges nanosecondes répétitives pulsées (NRP) dans l'interaction plasma-flamme. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ESMA0029⟩. ⟨tel-01592541⟩

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