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Genre et création : construction d'identités genrées chez les femmes artistes

Abstract : This work is about the construction of identity for the women who work around an artistic activity. The will to do this study came from the statement that women are more represented than men in the artistic training. However the few that came “in the limelight”, are recognized as great artists, exhibited in museum and celebrated as mentors, are really rare.I based my work on the notion of intersectionality to enrich my analysis of the notion of identity. I was interested in the concept of male domination in order to see how the power relationship is built within art worlds. I have analyzed how the artist's role is socially constructed in order to understand the ways in which female artists build their professional identityThis research is about the path of women artists perceived by three different points of view. In the life story of my interviewees, I spotlighted the label from a female differential socialisation, the disruption of the gender identity and, finally, the average of gender stereotypes in the way that women artists saw their identity. I specified the elements of the primary socialisation that has allowed them to move towards an artistic career since their childhood.In a second time I analysed how, in their secondary socialisation, women built and developed an artistic career, whose role model gave inclination to create, whose training shaped professional aspiration and whose network was implemented in the field of creation. Viewing their academic career and the beginning of their work, I detailed the way of learning a profession and codes and standards that regulate them.Finally in a third time I studied how women artists may feel perceived today, how they find their place into art worlds and what roles are approved for them. In a working world still primarily masculine I examined how women are affected by the question of family, couple and maternity, how they manage the pre-existing patterns and how they navigate into professional networks, which often means masculine self-segregation.This research brings a vision of identity building for women artists today. It allows us to envisage how the survey participants find their place into a particular professional position, because of the small number of women in this work and because of the role that this activity plays in social relationships. This research is finally a way to assess, generally speaking, the manner that gender, class and professional identity can be combined.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 21, 2017 - 2:41:36 PM
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Anaïs Chevillot. Genre et création : construction d'identités genrées chez les femmes artistes. Sociologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAH001⟩. ⟨tel-01591499⟩

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