La perception et la représentation des métropoles dans la fiction postmoderne : Paris, New York et Istanbul dans : Au piano de Jean Echenoz, Cité de verre de Paul Auster et Le Livre noir d'Orhan Pamuk

Abstract : Towns and cities have always taken a central role in literature, and particularly in fiction (novels). The latter half of the 20th century was a turning point, named the Spatial Turn by postmodern critics, whereby space, and particularly urban space, became a favourite object of analysis for thinkers and theorists, including the literary. Jean Echenoz, Orhan Pamuk and Paul Auster are contemporaries of this period, during which the urban novel flourished. These three authors respectively placed Paris, Istanbul and New York at the heart of their writing which was coloured by a postmodern outlook and a questioning of the present. Our study is that of the fictional representation of these metropolises in the works of these three authors. In the light of the contemporary theoretical perspectives of space, and particularly geocriticism, we will study the way in which the writing of these authors takes on board the urban image. By surveying the person-city relationship in particular, our work will strive to define how the fictional representation of a city is affected by the perception of an observer. We will also ask ourselves how this observer, product of an era when ontological uncertainty was the only certainty, projects his identity crisis onto the urban scene drawn by the novel. The reassessment of the global city utopia constitutes an axis around which we propose to study the picture drawn of Paris, Istanbul and New York in the postmodern fictions : Piano by Echenoz, The Black Book by Pamuk and City of Glass by Auster.
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Mehdi Alizadeh. La perception et la représentation des métropoles dans la fiction postmoderne : Paris, New York et Istanbul dans : Au piano de Jean Echenoz, Cité de verre de Paul Auster et Le Livre noir d'Orhan Pamuk. Littératures. Université de Limoges, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0033⟩. ⟨tel-01587776⟩

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