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Theoretical approach of complex DNA lesions : from formation to repair

Abstract : This thesis work is focused on the theoretical modelling of DNA damages, from formation to repair. Several projects have been led in this framework, which can be sorted into three different parts. One on hand, we studied complex DNA reactivity. It included a study about 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8oxoG) mechanisms of formation, a project concerning the UV-induced pyrimidine 6-4 pyrimidone (6-4PP) endogenous photosensitizer features, and an other one about DNA photosensitizationby nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ie ketoprofen and ibuprofen). On the other hand, we investigated mechanical properties of damaged DNA. The structural signature of a DNA lesion is of major importance for their repair, unfortunately only few NMR and X-ray structures of such systems are available. In order to gain insights into their dynamical structure, we investigated a series of complex damages : clustered abasic sites, interstrand cross-links, and the 6-4PP photolesion. Likewise, we studied the interaction modes DNA with several polyamines, which are well known to interact with the double helix, but also with the perspective to model DNA-protein cross-linking. The third part concerned the study of DNA interactions with repair enzymes. In line with the structural study about clustered abasic sites, we investigated the dynamics of the same system, but this time interacting with the APE1 endonuclease. We also studied interactions between the Fpg glycosylase with an oligonucleotides containing tandem 8-oxoG on one hand and 8-oxoG - abasic site as multiply damaged sites. Thus, we shed new lights on damaged DNA reactivity, structure and repair, which provides perspectives for biomedicine and life's mechanisms understanding as we begin to describe nucleosomal DNA
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 12, 2017 - 2:37:16 PM
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Emmanuelle Bignon. Theoretical approach of complex DNA lesions : from formation to repair. Analytical chemistry. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1085⟩. ⟨tel-01586105⟩

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