Contribution to the study of the homogeneous Boltzmann equation

Abstract : This thesis mainly studies the 3D homogeneous Boltzmann equation for hard potentials and moderately soft potentials and the equivalence between some jumping SDE and the corresponding PDE. In particular, we compute the multifractal spectrum of some stochastic processes, study the well-posedness and the propagation of chaos for the Boltzmann equation. The purpose of the first chapter is to study the pathwise properties of the stochastic process $(V_t)_{t\geq0}, representing the time-evolution of the velocity of a typical particle in a gas modeled by the Boltzmann equation for hard or moderately potentials. We show that this process is multifractal and has a deterministic spectrum. For hard potentials, we also give the multifractal spectrum of the process $X_t =\int_0^t V_s ds$, representing the time-evolution of the position of the typical particle. The second chapter is devoted to study the uniqueness of the weak solution to the Boltzmann equation in the class of all measure solutions, in the case of moderately soft potentials. This allows us to obtain a quantitive rate of propagation of chaos for Nanbu particle system for this singular interaction. Finally in the third chapter, we extend Figalli’s work [19] to study the relation between some jumping SDE and the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation. We prove that for any weak solution $(ft)_{t\in[0,T]}$ of the PDE, there exists a weak solution to the SDE of which the time-marginals are given by the family $(f_t)_{t\in[0,T]$
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Liping Xu. Contribution to the study of the homogeneous Boltzmann equation. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066018⟩. ⟨tel-01581818⟩

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