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Migration, Richesse et Consommation des Ménages en Chine Rurale

Abstract : As a large agricultural country, it is of great importance to study on household consumption in rural China. Many factors may affect consumption, such factors including not only those related to the tremendous changes in the labor market, i.e., the increasing number of rural to urban migration, but also unprecedented changes in the accumulation of household wealth. Until now, systematic evidence is missing on how consumption is affected by migration and household wealth. Moreover, regarding rural household consumption, another related issue, consumption poverty, should also be studied, but so far less has been said on the targeting performance of the poverty alleviation policy, the rural Dibao Program.The first chapter concentrates on the impact of migration and remittances on educational investment in rural China. Using household data from the China Household Income Project 2013, we find that they both play a negative role, but the amount of remittances can act as an insurance mechanism. The second chapter focuses on the wealth effect on consumption and its changes between 2002 and 2013. It shows that the marginal propensity to consume out of net wealth is highly significant and it increases over time for both urban and rural households. Moreover, housing wealth effects are strong, especially for the rural households, while the estimated elasticity of consumption with respect to financial assets is much smaller and elusive over the two years. The third chapter evaluates the targeting performance of the rural Dibao program. The result reveals quite large targeting errors using traditional income identification criteria. However, after taken the multi-dimensional identification criterion the targeting effectiveness increases, but the coverage rate remains low.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 5, 2017 - 10:35:06 AM
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Mengbing Zhu. Migration, Richesse et Consommation des Ménages en Chine Rurale. Economics and Finance. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEN015⟩. ⟨tel-01581804⟩

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