Wishart laws on convex cones

Abstract : In the framework of Gaussian graphical models governed by a graph G, Wishart distributions can be defined on two alternative restrictions of the cone of symmetric positive definite matrices: the cone PG of symmetric positive definite matrices x satisfying xij=0 for all non-adjacent vertices i and j and its dual cone QG. In this thesis, we provide a harmonious construction of Wishart exponential families in graphical models. Our simple method is based on analysis on convex cones. The focus is on nearest neighbours interactions graphical models, governed by a graph An, which have the advantage of being relatively simple while including all particular cases of interest such as the univariate case, a symmetric cone case, a nonsymmetric homogeneous cone case and an infinite number of non-homogeneous cone cases. The Wishart distributions on QAn are constructed as the exponential family generated from the gamma function on QAn. The Wishart distributions on PAn are then constructed as the Diaconis- Ylvisaker conjugate family for the exponential family of Wishart distributions on QAn. The developed methods are then used to solve the Letac-Massam Conjecture on the set of parameters of type I Wishart distributions on QAn. Finally, we introduce and study exponential families of distributions parametrized by a segment of means with an emphasis on their Fisher information. The focus in on distributions with matrix parameters. The particular cases of Gaussian and Wishart exponential families are further examined.
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Salha Mamane. Wishart laws on convex cones. Complex Variables [math.CV]. Université d'Angers, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ANGE0003⟩. ⟨tel-01581762⟩

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