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Classification dynamique pour le diagnostic de procédés en contexte évolutif

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis is to propose a dynamic clustering algorithm that can handle not only dynamic data but also evolving distributions. This algorithm is particularly fitted for the monitoring of processes generating massive data streams, but its application is not limited to this domain. The main contributions of this thesis are: 1. Contribution to dynamic clustering by the proposal of an approach that uses distance- and density-based analyses to cluster non-linear, non-convex, overlapped data distributions with varied densities. This algorithm, that works in an online fashion, fusions the learning and lassification stages allowing to continuously detect and characterize new concepts and at the same time classifying the input samples, i.e. which means recognizing the current state of the system in a supervision application. 2. Contribution to feature extraction by the proposal of a novel approach to extract dynamic features. This approach ,based on piece-polynomial approximation, allows to represent dynamic behaviors without losing magnitude related information and to reduce at the same time the algorithm sensitivity to noise corrupting the signals. 3. Contribution to automatic discrete event modeling for evolving systems by exploiting informations brought by the clustering. The generated model is presented as a timed automaton that provides a high-level representation of the behavior of the process. The latter is adaptive in the sense that its construction is elaborated following the discovery of new concepts by the clustering algorithm.
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Nathalie Andrea Barbosa Roa. Classification dynamique pour le diagnostic de procédés en contexte évolutif. Automatique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU30245⟩. ⟨tel-01578956⟩

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