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La place du corps dans l'éducation libertaire (1880-1914)

Abstract : We’ll study how the body can be promoted in the libertarian education both as an object and also as a means at the turn of the 19Th and 20Th centuries. After focusing on educational projects at the time of the International Workingmen's Association (IWA), we realized that it might be necessary to go back to the early 19th century to understand how and when this renewed interest for body education emerged again, mostly in France. In this regard, from our perspective, both Charles Fourier’s theory and positivism appear to be determining in the anarchist approach. Consequently, we’ll then present a number of relevant schools such as the Prevost Orphanage in Cempuis headed by Paul Robin between 1880 and 1894. We’ll then show the utmost importance of this educational institution, which inspired numbers of schools including The “École libertaire” project, the Dugardin Orphanage in Brussels, The Escuela Moderna in Barcelona, the Ferrer Colony of Stelton, the Ferrer School in Lausanne, “La Ruche” and the “Avenir social” in France. At last, we’ll examine the link between body and politics in pedagogy and the fact that this interest in the body shows that a politicized body is at stake. We then present anarchist propaganda’s media such as naturism, renewal of Malthusianism and freedom of movement in school. Finally it appears quite necessary to relocate these somewhat forgotten theoretical quarrels through Foucault’s theory of biopolitics, a most appropriate and ultimate tool to better understand these still contemporary issues.
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Eric Valiere. La place du corps dans l'éducation libertaire (1880-1914). Education. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSES061⟩. ⟨tel-01577170⟩

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