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Rôle de la protéine p14 du BNYVV et de l'ARN-3 viral dans la suppression de l'interférence par l'ARN et le mouvement à longue distance

Abstract : The beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) is a multipartite positive-stranded RNA phytovirus. The RNA3 contains a « core » sequence in which resides the « coremin » motif of 20 nucleotides absolutely required for the viral systemic movement in Beta macrocarpa. The RNA3 undergoes a process that produces a noncoding RNA3 (ncRNA3), stabilized by « coremin » at its 5’ end. Using a yeast genetic approach, the exoribonuclease Xrn1 and plant XRN4 have been identified as being responsible for the ncRNA3 accumulation from RNA3 processing. In vitro, we showed that the ncRNA3 accumulation is due to the stalling of Xrn1 by “coremin”. The viral p14 protein, an RNA silencing suppressor encoded by the RNA2, is also required for the systemic movement and interacts with the “coremin” sequence. Our studies demonstrated the ability of RNA3 to partially complement an allelic p14 mutant in local and systemic infections. Our data highlighted an effect of the p14 protein on the RNA silencing movement and on the potential cellular target RDR6.
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Alyssa Flobinus. Rôle de la protéine p14 du BNYVV et de l'ARN-3 viral dans la suppression de l'interférence par l'ARN et le mouvement à longue distance. Virologie. Université de Strasbourg, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016STRAJ045⟩. ⟨tel-01561088⟩

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