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Le web social et le web sémantique pour la recommandation de ressources pédagogiques

Abstract : This work has been jointly supervised by U. Jean Monnet Saint Etienne, in the Hubert Curien Lab (Frederique Laforest, Christophe Gravier, Julien Subercaze) and U. Mohamed V Rabat, LeRMA ENSIAS (Rachida Ahjoun, Mounia Abik). Knowledge, education and learning are major concerns in today’s society. The technologies for human learning aim to promote, stimulate, support and validate the learning process. Our approach explores the opportunities raised by mixing the Social Web and the Semantic Web technologies for e-learning. More precisely, we work on discovering learners profiles from their activities on the social web. The Social Web can be a source of information, as it involves users in the information world and gives them the ability to participate in the construction and dissemination of knowledge. We focused our attention on tracking the different types of contributions, activities and conversations in learners spontaneous collaborative activities on social networks. The learner profile is not only based on the knowledge extracted from his/her activities on the e-learning system, but also from his/her many activities on social networks. We propose a methodology for exploiting hashtags contained in users’ writings for the automatic generation of learner’s semantic profiles. Hashtags require some processing before being source of knowledge on the user interests. We have defined a method to identify semantics of hashtags and semantic relationships between the meanings of different hashtags. By the way, we have defined the concept of Folksionary, as a hashtags dictionary that for each hashtag clusters its definitions into meanings. Semantized hashtags are thus used to feed the learner’s profile so as to personalize recommendations on learning material. The goal is to build a semantic representation of the activities and interests of learners on social networks in order to enrich their profiles. We also discuss our recommendation approach based on three types of filtering (personalized, social, and statistical interactions with the system). We focus on personalized recommendation of pedagogical resources to the learner according to his/her expectations and profile
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Mérième Ghenname. Le web social et le web sémantique pour la recommandation de ressources pédagogiques. Environnements Informatiques pour l'Apprentissage Humain. Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne; Université Mohammed V (Rabat), 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015STET4015⟩. ⟨tel-01561015⟩

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