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Élaboration et Caractérisations physiques des manganites à effet magnetocalorique .

Abstract : The studies presented in this manuscript deal with the synthesis and characterization of ferromagnetic perovskite oxides. Four material systems have been described in this work ( Pr0.6-xEuxSr0.4MnO3 et Pr0.6-xErxSr0.4MnO3 ) et lanthanum ( La0.6Sr0.2Ba0.2-x□xMnO3 et (La0.6Sr0.2Ba0.2MnO3)1-x /(Co2O3)x ) . Our samples have been synthesized using the solid-state reaction method at high temperatures. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns using Fullprof program shows that all our samples are single phase and crystallize in the distorted structures. Magnetic measurements show that all our samples exhibit a paramagnetic–ferromagnetic transition with decreasing temperature. The Curie Temperature TC shifts to lower values with increasing substitution in the Pr0.6-x(Eu or Er)xMnO3 system and under the effect of barium deficiency in the La0.6Sr0.2Ba0.2-x□xMnO3 system. From the magnetization isotherms at different temperatures, magnetic entropy change ∆Sm and relative cooling power RCP have been evaluated. By means of the connection between the specific heat and the magnetization was determined the variation of the specific heat ΔCp in these samples using the results ΔSm. Our results confirm that the characteristic values of the magnetocaloric effect are very sensitive to the applied magnetic field, where the study of their dependence on magnetic field has a very great interest. For fixed temperatures, the magnetic field dependence of magnetic entropy change ∆Sm is accounted for by the n exponent, which may be derived by a numerical fitting to the formula ∆Sm ~ a (µ0H)n where a is a constant. This study allows one hand, identify materials that behave similarly and ways to improve these properties and it is, on the other hand, a useful tool to extrapolate these properties under conditions not accessible in the laboratory.
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Rafik M'Nassri. Élaboration et Caractérisations physiques des manganites à effet magnetocalorique .. Matériaux. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENY076⟩. ⟨tel-01560653⟩

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