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Etude de la formation et de la réparation des dommages à l'ADN causés par l'ypérite chez l'animal

Abstract : Sulphur mustard is a chemical warfare which belongs to the vesicants family. Its easy synthesis and the existence of important stocks in the world make it a threat for both the general population and militaries. This threat is reinforced by the fact that currently there is not efficient antidote against this war toxic. DNA alkylation by sulphur mustard leads to adducts formation. The objective of this thesis consisted in developing a method of quantification of these adducts by high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) and to apply this method to the study of the formation and persistence of the adducts after cutaneous exposure in SKH-1 mouse. Results have shown in exposed skin that adducts frequency was maximal as soon as 6h post-exposure. A radial diffusion of sulphur mustard was highlighted by the detection of adducts it forms in skin samples non-directly exposed. Adducts were also detected in several internal organs. Maximal frequency was measured at 6h or d1 post-exposure. They were detected until d21 post-exposure. Results have shown that adducts were produced in larger amount in brain and lungs than in kidneys, spleen and liver. The persistence of adducts was lower in brain and lungs after the detersion of exposed skin, thus illustrating the constitution of a reservoir of sulphur mustard in this tissue. Measurement of DNA repair activities showed that suilphur mustard behave as a two-edge sword genotoxic, namely formation of DNA damages and inhibition of repair activities.
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Mohamed Batal. Etude de la formation et de la réparation des dommages à l'ADN causés par l'ypérite chez l'animal. Toxicologie. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENV079⟩. ⟨tel-01558925⟩

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