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Dynamical and Spectral applications of Gromov-Hausdorff Theory

Abstract : This Ph.D. Thesis is divided into two parts. In the first part we present the barycenter method, a technique which has been introduced by G. Besson, G. Courtois and S. Gallot in 1995, in order to solve the Minimal Entropy conjecture. In Chapter 1 we are interested in the more recent developments of this method, more precisely in the recent extension of the method to the case of manifolds having sectional curvature of variable sign. In Chapters 2 and 3 we shall present some new results whose proofs make use of the barycenter method. The Conjugacy Rigidity problem is the theme of Chapter 2. First we show a general result which provide a comparison between the large scale geometry of the Riemannian universal coverings of two compact manifolds whose geodesic flows are conjugates. Then we shall show how we can apply the latter result and the barycenter method in curvature of variable sign in order to give a new proof of the conjugacy rigidity of flat manifolds. In Chapter 3 we shall give a proof of a spectra comparison theorem for a compact Riemannian manifold which admits a Gromov-Hausdorff-approximation of non zero absolute degree on a fixed compact manifold (X,g') and which has volume almost smaller than the one of the reference manifold. The proof relies on the barycenter method in curvature of variable sign and on iterated Sobolev inequalities. We underline that it is an approximation result (and not just a convergence result) and that no curvature assumptions are made or inferred on (Y,g). The second part of the Thesis consists of a single chapter. In this chapter we prove a Margulis Lemma without curvature assumptions for Riemannian manifolds having decomposable 2-torsionless fundamental group. We shall give also a proof of a universal lower bound for the homotopy systole of compact Riemannian manifolds having bounded volume entropy and diameter, and decomposable torsionless fundamental group. As a consequence of the latter result we shall deduce a Precompactness and Finiteness theorem and a Volume estimate without curvature assumptions.
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Filippo Cerocchi. Dynamical and Spectral applications of Gromov-Hausdorff Theory. Metric Geometry [math.MG]. Université de Grenoble, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENM077⟩. ⟨tel-01557542⟩

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