Correspondances de Simpson p-adique et modulo pⁿ

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to two arithmetic variants of Simpson's correspondence. In the first part, I compare the p-adic Simpson correspondence with a p-adic analogue of the Narasimhan-Seshadri's correspondence for curves over p-adic fields due to Deninger and Werner. Narasimhan and Seshadri established a correspondence between stable bundles of degree zero and unitary representations of the topological fundamental group for a complex smooth proper curve. Using parallel transport, Deninger and Werner associated functorially to every vector bundle on a p-adic curve whose reduction is strongly semi-stable of degree 0 a p-adic representation of the fundamental group of the curve. They asked several questions: whether their functor is fully faithful; whether the cohomology of the local systems produced by this functor admits a Hodge-Tate filtration; and whether their construction is compatible with the p-adic Simpson correspondence developed by Faltings. We answer positively these questions. The second part is devoted to the construction of a lifting of the Cartier transform of Ogus-Vologodsky modulo pⁿ. Let W be the ring of the Witt vectors of a perfect field of characteristic p, X a smooth formal scheme over W, X' the base change of X by the Frobenius morphism of W, X'_2 the reduction modulo p² of X' and Y the special fiber of X. We lift the Cartier transform of Ogus-Vologodsky relative to X'_2 modulo pⁿ. More precisely, we construct a functor from the category of pⁿ-torsion O_{X'}-modules with integrable p-connection to the category of pⁿ-torsion O_X-modules with integrable connection, each subject to a suitable nilpotence condition. Our construction is based on Oyama's reformulation of the Cartier transform of Ogus-Vologodsky in characteristic p. If there exists a lifting F: X -> X' of the relative Frobenius morphism of Y, our functor is compatible with a functor constructed by Shiho from F. As an application, we give a new interpretation of relative Fontaine modules introduced by Faltings and of the computation of their cohomology.
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Daxin Xu. Correspondances de Simpson p-adique et modulo pⁿ. Géométrie algébrique [math.AG]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS133⟩. ⟨tel-01557497⟩

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