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Interface behaviour of geosynthetics in landfill cover systems under static and seismic loading conditions

Abstract : Modern landfills are equipped with multi-layered liners, including geosynthetic-geosynthetic and soil-geosynthetic interfaces. The interfaces represent weakness surfaces where the shear strength is a crucial aspect for the landfill stability. The behaviour of each interface can be different depending on the interactions of the materials in contact under the different load conditions (i.e. static and seismic loading). Nevertheless, the assessment of the geosynthetic interface shear strength can be difficult depending on different factors such as mechanical damage, time-dependent processes (ageing), stress dependent processes (such as repeated loading), coupled effects of both time and stress-strain dependent processes (creep or relaxation). In the present work, the static and the dynamic behaviour of typical geosynthetic - geosynthetic interfaces is investigated by means of the Inclined Plane and the Shaking Table tests since both devices permit to simulate experimental conditions close to them expected in landfill cover systems (low normal stress, small and large deformations). Two new test procedures are proposed and applied in order to assess the interface friction at both devices during all the phases of the tests. Taking advantage of the complementarity of both facilities, an innovative interpretation of test results considering the evolution of the shear strength parameters, passing from the static to the dynamic loading conditions, from small to large displacements is carried out. Furthermore, the dependence of the interface friction on different parameters such as the kinematic conditions, the normal stress and the mechanical damage is also investigated. In light of test results, it has been demonstrated that the variation of the interface friction could be significant, depending on the loading conditions (static or dynamic), on the actual kinematic conditions and on the level of deformation at which the interface is subjected.
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Laura Carbone. Interface behaviour of geosynthetics in landfill cover systems under static and seismic loading conditions. Tectonics. Université de Grenoble; Università degli studi mediterranea (Reggio de Calabre, Italie), 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENU006⟩. ⟨tel-01551776⟩

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