Un conquistador à la découverte de l'autre. Les Naufragios d'Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca

Abstract : Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca (1490-1557), gentleman of the highest Spanish nobility, is the author of a travel very significantly entitled Naufragios (1542) which is the heart of this thesis entitled "A conquistador exploring the other: the Naufragios of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca". It aims to demonstrate that the exceptional nature of this text lies as much in its content and in the person of its author, in spite of himself and suddenly confronted with the shock of otherness, as a result of accidental flooding, and prolonged total among different ethnic groups of the current north American continent. Upon his return to Europe, he transcribed in a memory the different stages of this discovery and its awareness of the full humanity of the Indians, that "other" that evokes long after having carefully observed. For Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca, the Indians are in all respects his fellow men should be treated as such and which he became, against all odds, the advocate before the highest temporal and spiritual authority of Spain, the King. His text, the literary quality unclassifiable, yet not only tells a unique adventure. To him, however he has his posterity. Considered in turn as the first American writer, an ethnologist or before the time as the first true defender of the Indians, Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, after a journey of almost 10 years during which he traveled the American continent from East to West knows the social decline and has not seen his ideas triumph during his lifetime.
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Catherine Mariani. Un conquistador à la découverte de l'autre. Les Naufragios d'Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca. Géographie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA030081⟩. ⟨tel-01547185⟩

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