La Chine dans le théâtre français du XIXe siècle

Abstract : From 1789 to 1905, China is one of the most exotic topics represented on the French theater stage. This China can evoke the imagination inherited from the eighteenth-century “chinoiseries” taste. And moreover, it witnesses the nineteenth-century Sino-French socio-political events, which are never detached from the rising colonialism or even the Orientalism.This work attempts to build up a repertoire of Chinese-subject plays, and to analyze the production and the reception of the Chinese image on the French theatre stage during the nineteenth century. The corpus of the entire repertoire can be divided into three categories: the French playwright’s creation, the plays translated or adapted from Chinese literary works, and the performances given by Chinese actors. Chronologically organized, each chapter in this work follows the decisive Sino-French bilateral events. The first three chapters examine the Chinese and Oriental elements which have been applied to the French theatre in the previous centuries, and which are reinvented and appropriated under the influence of Sinology, a new scientific discipline institutionalized in the first half of the nineteenth century. The last three chapters develop with the two Opium Wars, the Sino-French War in Vietnam, the Boxer’s rebellion, as well as the birth of the concept of the “yellow peril.”For the playwrights and the artists, this “China” is therefore familiar but strange, approachable but intangible, cliché but ever-changing, exhausted but exploitable. All these contradictions contribute to create a kaleidoscopic China on the French theatre stage.
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Shih-Lung Lo. La Chine dans le théâtre français du XIXe siècle. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA030030⟩. ⟨tel-01547135⟩

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