Marché des EMR et milieu marin. Contribution à l’étude des spécificités juridiques des énergies marines renouvelables.

Abstract : The development of MRE farms increases conflict uses because of private occupation of marine spaces, governed by common use regime. We need then to find a good mix, and the marine cadastre, as a complementary tool of Marine Spatial Planning, can be efficient to list all rights holders in the sea space, in order to determine a better way to allocate priority or exclusive rights to ocean energy developers. Building a marine cadastre requires to know the legal grounds of marine space use and to redesign a property rights regime In a land cadastre, the main property right is the right to exclude others from property. In the sea space, the degree of exclusivity or priority granted to MRE developers vary according to countries. UNCLOS for instance gives a general framework, such as a distance maw of 500 m for safety zones, but it doesn’t precise which kind of vessels can cross them. It just mentions “appropriate measures” coastal state can take to ensure safety of navigation. In the territorial sea, it’s also coastal state’s discretionary power that will determine the balance between respect of innocent passage and safety of MRE farms.
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Séverine Michalak. Marché des EMR et milieu marin. Contribution à l’étude des spécificités juridiques des énergies marines renouvelables.. Droit. Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO), Brest; IUEM Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01546185v2⟩

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