Financer les politiques régionales : De l’autonomie à la contrainte budgétaire : Le cas des Régions Alsace, Limousin et Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Abstract : For some years (2008-2010), territorial authorities have been facing a drastic decrease in their resources. The local business tax reform in 2010 has slowed down the dynamism of tax revenues. The regional political representatives no longer have the ability to determine the tax rate. The funds allocated by the State, after having first experienced a freeze in their value, are now reduced as a consequence of successive « stability », « responsibility » and "growth" pacts introduced by different governments. In parallel, the transfers of competences at the beginning of the 2000’s (rail transport and the second act of decentralization) are causing increasingly rigid financial charges for the Regions. Our research aims to understand the causes of these transformations and to qualify the changes that are impacting regional resources. It seeks to determine if there is a growing financialisation of regional politics or if, on the contrary, there is still some local political control despite budgetary constraint. Through a comparative analysis of three Regions (Limousin, Alsace and Nord-Pas-de-Calais), and based on the observation of the reorganization that is happening within regional institutions, our thesis envisages to understand how the political / financial duo evolves in a framework of unprecedented budget constraint.
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Lisa Passavant. Financer les politiques régionales : De l’autonomie à la contrainte budgétaire : Le cas des Régions Alsace, Limousin et Nord-Pas-de-Calais. Science politique. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTD037⟩. ⟨tel-01544586⟩

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