Molecular insights in tracking optical properties and antioxidant activities of polyphenols

Abstract : Polyphenols are abundantly found in many fruit, vegetables, beverages, etc. and they possess many potential health benefits. Computational methods were thoroughly used through this thesis to rationalize, describe and predict physical chemical properties of flavonolignans and pyranoanthocyanins. Here, we aim at an understanding of polyphenol biological actions at a molecular level. All outcomes from the theoretical computations were discussed with respect to experimental data. The properties related to antioxidant activity of flavonolignans were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) methods. The pH dependence of ultraviolet/visible (UV/Vis) absorption properties of flavonolignans and pyranoanthocyanins were evaluated by time dependent (TD-) DFT methods, and noncovalent interactions were investigated within dispersion-corrected DFT methods. A short overview is also given on interaction of such compounds with biomolecules. Chapter 6 presents yet not published results of several noncovalent pigment: copigment systems. This part of the results serves as a good starting point to search for ‘the best copigment’.
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Michal Biler. Molecular insights in tracking optical properties and antioxidant activities of polyphenols. Other. Université de Limoges, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0001⟩. ⟨tel-01544039⟩

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