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Contribution à la connaissance de la gouvernance copreneuriale dans l'entreprise familiale

Abstract : Copreneurs are couples who share both a conjugal commitment (pseudo-marital or marital) and an entrepreneurial commitment (ownership and / or management and / or responsibility of a company). Despite their historical and contemporary resonance in the economic fabric of family businesses, scientific study has been neglected or even forgotten.This research aims to fill this gap by mobilizing an original and global theoretical basis (the General Systems Theory and the Social Exchange Theory) which allow to build a conceptual model of copreneurship. This model is then tested empirically through fifteen case studies preceded by an epistemological and methodological reflection.The results and discussion show firstly that the system "copreneurs" is still today widely held in the traditional gendered pattern of distribution of roles. The distribution of power resulting is marked by an opposition between formal power and informal power, the first being overwhelmingly attributed to man. This gendered organization also shows the concepts of "caring" and sacrifice of women copreneur, and is the foundation of governance that can be described as "parentaliste". The system's complexity poses in turn the question of "sustainability" of the model over time. Copreneurs interactions are studied through the prism of Attachment Theory while the entire system concept allows to highlight the innovative concept of "coupleness". Finally, all these specificities of copreneuriale governance are apprehended in terms of gains and costs, and in view of a possible calculation by the copreneurs about the usefulness of their situation. All poses the beginnings of a Global Theory of Copreneurship.Keywords:
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Amélie Villéger. Contribution à la connaissance de la gouvernance copreneuriale dans l'entreprise familiale. Gestion et management. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0293⟩. ⟨tel-01542295⟩

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