Energie, territoire et Path dependence : enjeux spaciaux et territoriaux d'une déclinaison régionale de la transition énergétique en Provenc-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Abstract : The energy transition is a society project that imposes a sustainable energy model marking the shift from an energy economy based largely on fossil fuels to a more efficient economy based on an energy mix ensuring a level of economic performance at least equivalent to the actual situation today, the low-carbon economy. While in the past, energy transitions were integrated processes to the general evolution of societies by technological advances, today's energy transition is a process clearly committed to the initiative of the authorities, especially in Europe. This energy change involves the adaptation of territories to less energy-intensive modes and to develop renewable energy production. This thesis has a dual geographical questioning. Which, for the space organization and functioning of the territories, the implications of this energy change? What are the influences and roles of the spatial organization and territories on the energy change? The energy transition is here seen as a basically geographical process that involves the questioning of current spatial patterns of economic and social activity, and which can thus examine how space and territory meet it, adapt to it, forcing it or accelerating it. This thesis captures more precisely the issues of a regional version of the energy transition by revealing the spatial and territorial constraints that frame and determine. Building on the work of spatial analysis and data processing, spatial and territorial dimensions of the concept of Path dependence are developed as part of a regional analysis in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Three areas of the spatial dimension of the energy transition as an element of Path dependence are studied: the influence of spatial structures and place dependence or material lock-in, territorialization and uneven sustainable development or territorial lock-in, and the weight of inherited socio-spatial structures or socio-spatial lock-in. The energy transition is not only an economic and political issue, and space is not only a spatial differentiation factor in this process. The geographical space also acquired its principles of evolution that involve logic of Path dependence. The complexity of the energy transition is in the spatial and territorial complexity that surrounds and determines the organization of humanity into space.
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Maximin Chabrol. Energie, territoire et Path dependence : enjeux spaciaux et territoriaux d'une déclinaison régionale de la transition énergétique en Provenc-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Histoire. Université d'Avignon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016AVIG1167⟩. ⟨tel-01541460⟩

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