Stratégies de mobilité optimisées pour la tolérance aux perturbations dans les réseaux sans fil

Laurent Reynaud 1, 2
2 DANTE - Dynamic Networks : Temporal and Structural Capture Approach
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LIP - Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme, IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des systèmes complexes
Abstract : Throughout this thesis, we seek to propose and design optimized strategies that are adapted to a widespread class of use cases in which communications between network nodes may be disrupted by adverse deployment conditions, assuming that standard fault repair mechanisms are unable to address and mitigate the effects created by these disruptions. Such use cases include the applicative context of emergency communication networks, which are often met in the wake of disasters, or more generally after the occurrence of any unexpected event which may leave the existing networks of an affected area partially or even totally damaged. The aforementioned disruptions can be of different nature: they may result from a detrimental network dimensioning (e.g. low number of network nodes, excessive node scattering surface, insufficient radio communication range, . . . with respect to the other considered deployment parameter values). They may also stem from external causes, e.g. the unexpected presence of obstacles on the area of interest, or the existence of extrinsic interference sources that may disturb the considered network. In general, it can be observed that given such disruptions, a network which is not inherently designed to operate in these conditions is likely to under-perform and, as a result, to offer a significantly decreased quality of experience to its users. In this regard, we seek to compare our perception of the traditional concept of mobility as seen in common infrastructure, ad hoc or disruption- and delay-tolerant wireless networks with the principles of controlled mobility, according to which a network node may directly control its own movement and affect its trajectory accordingly. More precisely, we investigate the means to define a virtual force system which encompasses multiple repulsive, attractive, friction and alignment forces, all of which may be applied to network nodes in order to enforce this principle of controlled mobility.We then explain how virtual forces can concretely be implemented and used in a realistic network deployment, and we specify a protocol solution and its variations, which we enforce within controlled mobility strategies with the prospect that those prove best suited to the considered network environments. We first take as an applicative background a scenario aiming to fight the spread of an invasive species, the Asian hornet, and we outline a practical deployment relying on a wireless ad hoc network formed with unmanned aerial nodes which all enforce our first proposed controlled mobility strategy. We then seek to identify the best value intervals for the key parameters of our virtual force-based protocol, anticipating that configured with these values, the deployed network will yield its best performance in terms of delays and packet delivery. Later, we introduce a scenario related to the deployment of an emergency communication network, still on the basis of wireless ad hoc network principles. We then present an analysis of how a second proposed controlled mobility strategy performs in this applicative environment. In particular, we show how this strategy behaves when the number of network nodes increases. At that point, we address the context of networks deployed in challenging conditions, and of the use of disruption- and delaytolerant mechanisms. We aim here at designing a third type of strategy that jointly uses disruption- and delay-tolerant mechanisms as well as controlled mobility principles, in order to significantly increase the overall network performance. We then investigate and explain how this strategy allows transmitting a fraction of the user traffic with short delays, when an end-to-end route is available along a communication chain, while the other fraction of the traffic is delivered with longer delays, with the support of delay-tolerant routing mechanisms
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Laurent Reynaud. Stratégies de mobilité optimisées pour la tolérance aux perturbations dans les réseaux sans fil. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1060⟩. ⟨tel-01540925⟩

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