Implications of hyperactivity in anorexia nervosa : from redefinition to clinical research

Abstract : Anorexia nervosa is a serious and complex psychiatric pathology included in eating disorders. Its symptoms include physical hyperactivity, which has been associated by many with a worse clinical and therapeutic outcome. Much remains to be known and understood about physical activity, which is problematic in eating disorders, especially in anorexia nervosa. The aims of this thesis are to: 1) critically and exhaustively examine the literature published during the past 40 years (1975-2015). This is done in order to clarify the landscape and give general clinical and research perspectives for future studies. 2) Investigate the impact of different definitions of problematic physical activity, found in the literature, on its prevalence in a large sample of patients suffering from acute anorexia nervosa. We will examine the associations between these different definitions and core eating disorders symptoms, emotional profile and quality of life. 3) Investigate the impact of problematic physical activity on nutritional status (body mass index and body composition) of patients. This is done by taking into account clinical features. These features include anorexia nervosa subtypes (restricting or binge-eating/purging type), age at onset, illness duration, premenarchal anorexia nervosa, and presence of amenorrhea. Finally, we propose a comprehensive model of the development of problematic physical activity in anorexia nervosa. We highlight the fact that physical activity could be positively taken into account in global treatment programs. It could be integrated in these programs, in addition to their psychological, somatic and social dimensions. Problematic physical activity in anorexia nervosa is in need of immediate attention from clinicians and researchers.
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Mélissa Rizk. Implications of hyperactivity in anorexia nervosa : from redefinition to clinical research. Cognitive Sciences. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCB091⟩. ⟨tel-01535867⟩

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