Hétérogénéités de fabrication des aluminiures de titane : caractérisation et maîtrise de leurs formations en coulée centrifuge

Abstract : The Ti-Al system is a promising substitute for Ni-based aeronautical superalloys. In the composition range of interest for these applications, the solidification of these alloys begins with a ß phase (body-centered cubic structure) followed by a peritectic transition ß + L → α (hexagonal close-packed structure). As a function of Al content, the proportions of ß and α phases over the course of solidification change, and the centrifuge casting process for aeronautical turbine blade fabrication introduces other structural variations. The present work explores the influence of Al content and centrifugation on the solidification process in these alloys. Remelting experiments in a cold-crucible induction furnace, directional solidification experiments in a large-diameter centrifuge and centrifuge casting experiments are presented and characterized. Potential mechanisms for the observed structural differences are proposed. Fragmentation assisted by a higher Al content is observed in cold crucible casting, and an early onset of the peritectic reaction is associated with fragmentation that more effectively provokes a columnar-to-equiaxed transition (CET). Competition between convection and sedimentation is observed in directional solidification under centrifugation, and secondary arm remelting is responsible for CET. In centrifuge casting, heterogeneous “seagull wing” structures for low Al contents depend on cooling rates and convection. A different behavior under the same conditions is noted for higher Al contents, and the transition seems to coincide with the peritectic
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Nicole Reilly. Hétérogénéités de fabrication des aluminiures de titane : caractérisation et maîtrise de leurs formations en coulée centrifuge. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0264⟩. ⟨tel-01535830⟩

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