La concurrence sur le marché des télécommunications au Costa Rica : le défi de l'ouverture sur la base de l'expérience française

Abstract : The Central America Free Trade Agreement with the United States (CAFTA), approved after popular referendum in October 2007, has sped up the liberalisation process of the telecommunications sector in Costa Rica, very much like in France before. The new juridical framework introduces a competition right reform, unfortunately only applicable to the telecommunications sector. The general law is still based on the 1994 law, which has questionable drawbacks. The telecommunications regulation authority will be in charge of monitoring competition in the sector, at the expense of the competences of the general authority. According to a comparative analysis there is a striking parallelism despite a significant delay in the case of Costa Rica. This study highlights the pros and cons of the competition monitoring tools existing in Costa Rica, by taking stock in the telecommunications sector. ln the light of the French and community experience, numerous efforts are still needed to lead to a legislation that is still far today from being full y mature. The strong presence of multinational companies on the Central American market and the absence of monitoring tools regarding the anti-competitive strategies on the regional level constitute a new challenge for setting up a competitive environment. The Association Agreement between the European Union and Central America should serve as a basis for the development of a regional competition right, according to the community law.
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Sergio David Solano Ortiz. La concurrence sur le marché des télécommunications au Costa Rica : le défi de l'ouverture sur la base de l'expérience française. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010337⟩. ⟨tel-01534164⟩

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