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Theses

L’impact des modèles normatifs sur la représentation sociale du cyclomoteur chez les adolescents : la transgression comme vecteur d’intégration

Abstract : This research fits into the framework of the theory of social representations. The aim is to seek adolescents’ representation of the moped, as well as the normative models that influence it, in order to better understand what underlies young users’ practices. Drawing inspiration from works on social representation as a normative system we tested the influence of two normative models with a group of young moped riders, the models of parents and peers. To do so, we used an alternative choice questionnaire with which we tested several types of substitution instructions. It appears from our work that the representation of the moped among adolescents is organized around group values and transgression valued by peers. The moped is perceived as a tool of emancipation from parents and of group integration through fun practices rather than a basic means of transportation. We adapted a tool that allowed us to show that peers are the normative anchoring group of young people but that parents influence the representation on specific and unconditional points. Both normative poles appear inseparable leading teenagers to reach compromises between them thanks to “normative negotiation” (Gaymard, 2003). The difficulty for young people lies in finding a balance during this “normative negotiation” because some of the non-negotiable principles for parents remain important elements for peers. If the transgression valued by the adolescents appears as the “entry ticket” into the group, it is nevertheless subject to modulation according to its shapes and themes.
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Mathieu Bessin. L’impact des modèles normatifs sur la représentation sociale du cyclomoteur chez les adolescents : la transgression comme vecteur d’intégration. Psychologie. Université d'Angers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ANGE0038⟩. ⟨tel-01534033⟩

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