Fonctionnelles de processus de Lévy et diffusions en milieux aléatoires

Abstract : For V a random càd-làg process, we call diffusion in the random medium V the formal solution of thestochastic differential equation \[ dX_t = - \frac1{2} V'(X_t) dt + dB_t, \] where B is a brownian motion independent of V . The local time at time t and at the position x of thediffusion, denoted by LX(t, x), gives a measure of the amount of time spent by the diffusion at point x,before instant t. In this thesis we consider the case where the medium V is a spectrally negative Lévyprocess converging almost surely toward −∞, and we are interested in the asymptotic behavior, whent goes to infinity, of $\mathcal{L}_X^*(t) := \sup_{\mathbb{R}} \mathcal{L}_X(t, .)$ the supremum of the local time of the diffusion. We arealso interested in the localization of the point most visited by the diffusion. We notably establish theconvergence in distribution and the almost sure behavior of the supremum of the local time. This studyreveals that the asymptotic behavior of the supremum of the local time is deeply linked to the propertiesof the exponential functionals of Lévy processes conditioned to stay positive and this brings us to studythem. If V is a Lévy process, V ↑ denotes the process V conditioned to stay positive. The exponentialfunctional of V ↑ is the random variable $\int_0^{+ \infty} e^{- V^{\uparrow} (t)}dt$ . For this object, we study in particular finiteness,
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Grégoire Véchambre. Fonctionnelles de processus de Lévy et diffusions en milieux aléatoires. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université d'Orléans, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ORLE2038⟩. ⟨tel-01529762⟩



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