Variabilité de la structure de la canopée en forêt tropicale humide : l’apport de la très haute résolution spatiale en Guyane Française

Abstract : French Guiana is a region located on the Guiana Shield in South America. Is presents at the same time a high originality in biodiversity, a good state of conservation and a strong correlation to Amazonian carbon stocks. Knowledge on evolution of the forest structure of French Guiana is however still insufficient to bring an optimal management at territory scale. Availability as never seen before of remote sensing data at high spatial resolution such as LiDAR, on large coverage, offers the opportunity to assess the forest resource in French Guiana. The work done during this thesis aim mostly to study the structure and the variations of the canopy height, the factors determining its variability and the consequences of forest logging activities. The data used during this thesis come from an airborne LiDAR and field data from Office National des Forêts (ONF). This thesis manuscript is divided in three parts. The first part introduces the problem and sets the objectives of the thesis. The second part takes the so-called "article" form, that is, the different chapters that compose it are scientific articles published or in the course of publication, it is composed of three studies (I) A study on the gaps detection and environmental determinants on the gap sizes distribution in natural forest: How to characterize the gap size distribution and are there environmental determinants that influence the statistical distribution of gap size? This article has been submitted in Biogeoscience. (ii) A study of the control of the environment on the canopy height structure and variations at different spatial resolutions. Which spatial scales are relevant for analyzing the environmental determinants of canopy height changes in tropical forests from remote sensing data? How can the environment help or not map the height of the canopy in the rainforest? This article was accepted for publication in Remote Sensing. (iii) a third study where we quantified the effects of Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) on the structure and variation of canopy height. What are the effects of logging on canopy height variations and gap size distribution? This article will be submitted for publication in a Forest Ecology and Management journal. In the last part, after a synthesis of the main results, we propose a conclusion.
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Youven Goulamoussene. Variabilité de la structure de la canopée en forêt tropicale humide : l’apport de la très haute résolution spatiale en Guyane Française. Géologie appliquée. Université de Guyane, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016YANE0006⟩. ⟨tel-01527553⟩

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