Traitement du Signal d’un LIDAR Doppler scannant dédié à la surveillance aéroportuaire

Abstract : An algorithm was developed to estimate precisely wake vortices parameters (positions and circulations) using spectral data provided by a LIDAR. It is articulated in 3 main stages: The first one allows to detect the presence of vortices and to make a rough localization thanks to the method of the velocity envelopes. The second step is to refine the estimation of vortex positions using an optimization of the least squares criterion. This step also permits to make an first estimation of the vortices circulation. The third and final step focuses on estimating vortex circulations by maximizing the likelihood criterion. Estimates are becoming finer and more focused on the most critical parameters. The development of this algorithm required the use of several models (LIDAR, wake vortices, atmosphere) and to formulate a number of simplifying assumptions in order to reach a reasonable computational cost. The proposed algorithm was then subjected to a performance evaluation, the interest being focused on the robustness with respect to the different noises altering the measurement, particularly the one related to the atmospheric turbulence, and with respect to the model errors. This evaluation was carried out both on simulated data using simplified parametric models, and on Large Eddy Simulations.The instrumental parameters of LIDAR are potential degrees of freedom to improve the performance of the estimator, in particular for the most critical quantities, that is to say the circulation values. The calculation of the performance of the estimator requiring a significant computational cost, it lends itself poorly for optimization purposes. This is why a study of the influence of the LIDAR parameters on the Cramér-Rao Bound (CRB) was carried out. This study allowed to understand the influence of the instrumental parameters and to reach an optimal configuration for the CRB.
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Alexandre Hallermeyer. Traitement du Signal d’un LIDAR Doppler scannant dédié à la surveillance aéroportuaire. Autre. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLC007⟩. ⟨tel-01527400⟩

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