L’assistance médicale à l’accouchement au Sénégal

Abstract : Maternal mortality is considered for several years as a public health problem in Senegal; which resultedin recent decades of a set of relevant actions sometimes, but the implementation is very oftendiscussed, as is the case in many African countries.In 2010, the maternal mortality ratio in the country is estimated at 392 maternal deaths per 100,000live births according to the report of the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). This level remainshigh despite of a significant increase in the use of Delivery Assistance.The qualified medical assistance in childbirth, defined as "the process by which a woman receivesadequate medical care during labor, delivery and the early postpartum," has appeared in severalstudies as a key determinant in the maternal mortality reduction process.We can note two main conclusions from our analysis.First, the very strong increase in the use of medical assistance in delivery which has been observedin the first decade of the 2000s was sanctioned by a regular but moderate decline in maternal mortality.Then, this small decrease is due to a medical assistance in childbirth entirely performed bymidwives whose qualifications are heterogeneous and often limited. It is also explained by infrastructureswhich are not adapted to the management of obstetric emergencies.In fact, despite all the progress made in this field, there still are significant things to do before accessingto assisted delivery. This is particularly the case in rural areas, among younger women,those who received low education and who depend excessively on their husbands. Therefore, itwould be interesting to make aware of men on this issue.In the end, the future challenges of Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART) in Senegal continueto combine problems of supply and demand problems despite the progress made in this field.
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Ndeye Fatou Ngom. L’assistance médicale à l’accouchement au Sénégal. Démographie. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0432⟩. ⟨tel-01524668⟩

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