Management stratégique de Start up innovantes et création de valeurs

Abstract : Our research focuses on values creation in innovative Start-Up. The literature in Management Science offers two broad categories of values: shareholder value, which returns to shareholders, economic, and partnership value, which amounts to stakeholders, thus intangible (Charreaux 1998). While the majority of research program on the subject for years relates shareholder value, we focused on the second category, which is for stakeholders somehow like an exchange earning for Charreaux (1998). This thesis is born from the observation of a lack in the literature concerning the precise qualification of values created by innovation, with different stakes. The social challenge of creating ethical business values (Igalens and Joras, 2002) is to shed light human behavior forming a set of feelings values, in order to enrich the CSR principles set out in 2000 by the OECD. The managerial challenge is to define a new management model by the values to increase the overall performance (Germain and Trébucq, 2004). Finally, the challenge purely related to research in Management Science is for good to formalize a framework of a values system dedicated to the management, since to date no system of values has yet done a consensus among researchers (Bréchon, 2003). Under an interpretativist epistemological position, our thesis will therefore address the general request: by what type of strategic management model an innovative Start-Up can induce a valorization of its stakeholders? Our first part develops a literature review that consists of three sections: characterization of a Start-Up, strategic management and innovation, what type of values creation? This first part ending with a proposal of sixty values popularized and three research questions: what are the values potentially created within the stakeholders of a Start-Up? for what type of stakeholder an innovative Start-Up can create values? what strategic management model can allow an innovative Start-Up creating values for its partners? The second part is a field case study that confronts our literature review in three sections again: research approach, case study, and results analysis. We thus answer to our three research questions and to our general request, and will do four proposals. We conclude indeed our work by proposing an universal system of management values, two new concepts demonstrated ("Ip Financeur" and "Valorizing"), and a values management model for innovative Start-Up. Finally, we propose our theoretical, managerial, and methodological contributions while exposing the limits of our work.
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Stéphane Brosia. Management stratégique de Start up innovantes et création de valeurs. Gestion et management. Université de Toulon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOUL2003⟩. ⟨tel-01523731⟩



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