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Theses

Alimentation à découpage hautes performances pour l'aéronautique

Abstract : The power supply system in an onboard aeronautical application represents an important contribution to the recurring cost, global efficiency and the volume of the system. Moreover, power supplies are installed in a harsh environment with a wide input voltage range and a confined area. In these conditions, power supply losses impact the converter volume and weight to prevent the system from overheating. Therefore, a gain in efficiency is the main purposes, since it has a significant impact on the reduction of weight and volume of the equipment.Soft-switching is a reasonable technique to increase the switching frequency and limit the power losses. The selection of the topology should take into account 3 considerations: a low number of components, an efficient control, which allows to cover the wide input voltage range and a soft-switching validity over a large input voltage range. Regarding all the considerations, the Flyback active-Clamp topology seems to be the best candidate which has a step-up and down transfer function and ZVS at the primary with only ones additional capacitor and transistor.A technological work is also done to further increase the power supply efficiency. The technologies which have been selected are the GaN transistors for its good switching performances and a planar transformer for its integration into the PCB. Also, the vertical integration of the converter which is actually on two stackable boards, one for the low frequency functions and the other one for the high frequency functions, minimizes the footprint of the converter. The new technologies will make a huge technological leap, especially in the systems where the power supply represents a significant proportion of the equipment. The success of GaN transistor highlights that the power electronics is currently driving by the performance and reducing the parasitic elements is becoming the priority. Looking forward into the future, the interest in 3D packaging and PCB integration will grow rapidly to provide a fully embedded power supply
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Nicolas Quentin. Alimentation à découpage hautes performances pour l'aéronautique. Energie électrique. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSE1327⟩. ⟨tel-01522636⟩

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