Le non-recours aux aides sociales sous conditions de ressources

Abstract : This thesis consists of three empirical studies on the analysis of non-take-up to means-tested social assistance benefits in France. Different econometric methods were used on recent survey and experimental data. International literature on this topic is now substantial but few quantitative studies have been conducted in France. We propose, in this thesis, to provide insights on some points which have been too few studied in the French or international literature until now. The first chapter studies the non-take-up to the French basic income support program which has been hidden by the particularly high level of non-take-up to the supplemental income support. The analysis shows the presence of a substantial level of non-take-up for a poor population entitled to important level of benefits. This phenomenon appears to be explained mainly by the lack of contact of some households with the administration in charge of providing the benefits. The second chapter extends the analysis to the population of homeless as this population was not studied by former french and international works. This population has a lower non-take-up rate than the general population because homeless are generally more in need of benefits. It appears however that this population is very heterogeneous. Poorer homeless and homeless suffering worst housing conditions have a particularly high level of non-take-up. The third chapter documents the presence of spatial effects in the non-take-up of a program that provides free public transportation. The chapter shows that the farer households are from public transportation the less they claim for the program because they are less in need of such transports. The analysis shows also that the probability to know the program is affected by the propensity of households who know the program in the neighborhood. The fourth chapter tests the effect of different mailing in the propensity, for an income support beneficiary, to follow the steps required to stay in the program. The results show that the simplified mailing has no substantial effect on the attendance. However, providing information on the advantages and helps that are linked to the receipt of the income support program increases significantly the attendance of young men.
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Sylvain Chareyron. Le non-recours aux aides sociales sous conditions de ressources. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC0045⟩. ⟨tel-01514586⟩

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