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Theses

Les fonds internationaux en faveur des victimes de violations des droits de l'homme et du droit international humanitaire

Abstract : While crime victim assistance policy became part of the law of many countries at the end of the last century, it has permeated the international order as well. To finance this policy, the United Nations (UN) has set up several funds for victims of varied human rights violations. The International Criminal Court (ICC) itself created a financing – and implementing – tool for administering reparations it orders : its Trust Fund for Victims (TVF), that aims at guaranteeing the effectiveness of restorative justice, is a pioneering initiative in the field of international criminal justice. The purpose of this thesis is to assess the effectiveness of these mechanisms as victim aid instruments by investigating the causes of their efficiency or ineffectiveness in their operational rules, financing strategies, modes of action and nature of their legal personality. Our exploration of the little known legal category of international funds for victims of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law is revealing a mixed picture that enables to consider transposing procedures, strategies and interpretations implemented by some funds or other national or international finance institutions, into schemes where assistance to victims is not adequate. However, the political will of states often continues to be a key driver. The potential of those mechanisms remains underused at the expense of victims.
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Daisy Schmitt. Les fonds internationaux en faveur des victimes de violations des droits de l'homme et du droit international humanitaire. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01D006⟩. ⟨tel-01513061⟩

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