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Conception et évaluation d'un micromonde de Programmation Orientée-Objet fondé sur un jeu de construction et d'animation 3D

Abstract : Programming microworlds are small and interactive environments, in which the learner learns from his interactions with visual or tangible entities having a strong semantic link with formal programming concepts. They promote knowledge assimilation and abstract programming concepts understanding by the use of visual metaphors and play. This thesis attempts to contribute to theoretical and methodological advances regarding the design and the assessment of such environments, which are known to have a great potential on learning without any evidence on that.As microworlds are game based learning environments, we first examined the gaming issue and its relation to learning. Based on a literature review, we emphasized as some authors, the need to distinguish between the game (the computing artefact) and the play (the situation that is triggered by the interactions with the game). The purpose is to analyze learning and establish concepts that will guide the design and the evaluation of learning. Then we reviewed some research on Computer Science Education, with the view to identify some widespread teaching approaches that address beginners’ difficulties in learning Object-Oriented Programming (OOP). We defined a new didactic approach for OOP introduction. We then defined the design dimensions of a microworld, we refer to as a transitional representation system, in which the learner develops knowledge on programming abstract and formal concepts, as a result to his interactions with the microworld interface.We have implemented the theoretical and methodological advances we provided, in a new OOP microworld based on a 3D constructive and animation game called PrOgO. PrOgO implements a transitional representation system, in which basic OOP concepts are depicted with visual and interactive 3D graphics. It enables play that arises from the learner’s interactions with its interface. Playing with PrOgO involves to imagining, creating and animating significant 3D constructions. PrOgO can be also deployed within a multi-device classroom through the Tactileo framework, we designed for that purpose. In the evaluation of learning, we use methods belonging to learning analytics by the collection and the analysis of digital interaction logs, with the view to classify and characterize learners. In addition to this, we examine the state of learners’ knowledge through test knowledge verifications. We also attempt to examine through statistical analysis, the learners’ actions and behaviours that affect their progress in pre/post evaluations of gained knowledge.
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Fahima Djelil. Conception et évaluation d'un micromonde de Programmation Orientée-Objet fondé sur un jeu de construction et d'animation 3D. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016CLF22774⟩. ⟨tel-01511201⟩

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