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Étude du transfert de chaleur et de masse dans les milieux complexes : application aux milieux fibreux et à l’isolation des bâtiments

Abstract : International energy context requires a new orientation to the building sector as in construction or in renovation. Any new solution must be technically efficient and environmentally acceptable. In this thesis, the object is to achieve a numerical and experimental analysis of a building biobased materials. Some of these materials are included from the study of a transborder project to the Lorraine region (France, Belgium and Luxembourg). Indeed an Ecotransfaire project was included in this work. This project has been oriented to the development of a sustainable eco materials chain. A process of analysis has been established in order to select the materials candidates on the basis of scientific, geographical and environmental criteria. The answers are moving towards the integration of bio-based materials. These materials are subject of several heat and mass transfers phenomena. So understanding these mechanisms within a building material has been achieved firstly. This resulted on a coupled model of heat transfer, air, moisture experienced by the HAM model. This model is applied to a wooden building material whose its structure is assumed homogeneous. Then, this model was implemented and solved by the finite element method. Its numerical solution is validated by analytical results available in the literature. The study of sensitivity of the model coupling, dimensions in space, the boundary conditions and the variability of input parameters is also presented. One of the difficulties of using this model is the case of heterogeneous materials. Thus, in this work, we propose an approach of characterization of a heterogeneous lignocellulosic composite material with a porous structure. In fact, this material is composed of two components: Wood and cement. The wood is presented by a shapes aggregates with irregulars sizes and the cement is considered as the binder in the composition. The object was to predict its equivalent intrinsic properties (thermal conductivity and vapor permeability) by using the micro-tomography techniques.The methodology consists to determine the structure of the sample by taking images at the microscopic scale. Once the structure of the sample is generated, we will conduct from a reconstruction of the two-dimensional representation to a three dimensional structure by using a numerical tool which determines the equivalent properties of the 3D reconstructed domain. The permeability as well as the equivalent thermal conductivity are the two properties evaluated in this configuration. These two properties are strongly depend to the porosity and to pore distribution in the continuous phase (the solid one). Moreover the composition of the material and the volume fractions of each components influence the formation of microstructure and consequently the thermal and hydric transfers
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  • HAL Id : tel-01508859, version 1

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Faiza Mnasri. Étude du transfert de chaleur et de masse dans les milieux complexes : application aux milieux fibreux et à l’isolation des bâtiments. Matériaux composites et construction. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0169⟩. ⟨tel-01508859⟩

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