Expérimenter le monument par la fiction : De la médiation en situation aux produits des industries culturelles à destination des enfants

Abstract : Which role is played by fiction in the relationship established between children - aged from 6 to 12 years old - and historical monuments? Funded by the PACA region, this research focuses on the forms taken by the historical monument in its « trivial circulation » (Jeanneret, 2008) and the appropriations that children do. Noting that fiction feeds mediations offered to young people in the monuments but also that the media exposure of these is important in children’s fictions - particularly through the pattern of the castle – three levels of search are thought. The first is to identify, through a semiotic analysis, operators of fiction in educational mediations of monuments explicitly designated as such – audio guides, visit booklets, workshops. Mobilized fiction in this context holds positions that intersect themselves: didactic, playful and expressive. In a similar move, the second level offers to analyse the manufacturing processes of stereotyped monuments massively flowing in the fictions of cultural industries - taking for example, two monographs: the dreamed castle of Disney and the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry in Harry Potter saga. The monument mainly acts in a cathartic, axiological and diegetic way. In fact, these two first levels highlight the socio-cultural operability of fiction in the proposed relation to the monument. But what do these fictional operators produce? How do they run, re-enroll themselves and what values do they give to “monumentality”? To answer these questions, the last level is interested in their re-enrollment in children’s speeches in a singular form of sense of production - called microlinks. These are understood as tiny connections created by analogy by subjects between updated devices operators in social experiences - the visit for example - and participating in the development of a « cultural being » - monumentality. The results show that fiction allows singular appropriations of time and space of the monument and different forms of fictional immersion taken and of reflexivity of the experience lived by children. For these reasons, the experiences linked to the monument would be « polychrésiques » which means objects of constant reappropriations and « taken constantly in a wide spectrum of different social logics » (Jeanneret, op.cit.: 83). The compartmentalisation of areas of social life that includes the study of the « triviality » as knowledge circulation, shows that the birth or the development of a practice can be conceived in and with an « elsewhere » imbued with running speech including moments, objects, speeches outside monuments, in other words in a ventilated space.
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Julie Pasquer -Jeanne. Expérimenter le monument par la fiction : De la médiation en situation aux produits des industries culturelles à destination des enfants. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université d'Avignon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016AVIG1162⟩. ⟨tel-01508838⟩

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