Révéler la chimie des préparations antiques, à usage cosmétique ou médical, impliquant des sels de métaux lourds

Abstract : In the Antiquity, oculists (eye care specialised physicians) mixed mineral, vegetal and animal substances to prepare elaborate solid medicines termed collyria. In an interdisciplinary work, we investigated the chemical composition, the inorganic phases structure and the manufacturing process of such collyria. The implemented analytical techniques were Raman spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The stability of metallic salts based replicas prepared according to ancient texts recipes was studied in order to identify the pristine phases. Four collections of archaeological collyria (Musée Gallo-Romain de Lyon, Musée d’Archéologie Nationale, Cabinet des Médailles de la BnF, Musée Atestino d’Este) were studied on site, using portable devices. A methodology combining XRF and XRD results was developed to quantify the inorganic phases distribution. For the first time, a straight relationship was established between compositions obtained by physico-chemical analysis and ancient recipes.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [145 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01508834
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 14, 2017 - 6:46:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 22, 2019 - 1:32:21 AM
Long-term archiving on : Saturday, July 15, 2017 - 4:12:59 PM

File

these_archivage_2675955o.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01508834, version 1

Citation

Marlène Aubin. Révéler la chimie des préparations antiques, à usage cosmétique ou médical, impliquant des sels de métaux lourds. Chimie analytique. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066479⟩. ⟨tel-01508834⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

3564

Files downloads

679