La protection du créancier dans le droit uniforme de recouvrement des créances de l'OHADA

Abstract : A creditor who initiates the simplified debt collection procedure established by the OHADA States is exposed to procedural complications that hold on to the risk of ineligibility to the procedure, the risk of prescription of the claim, the risk of abusive dispute, the risk of nullity of injunctive title, the risk of non-execution of the enforceable title, especially in cross-border cases and in litigation affecting legal entities of public law. These risks make the procedure complex, lengthy and costly for corporations and financial institutions. The procedure thus depicted is also inapplicable to craftsmen, traders and micro business that often carry small debts, the consolidation of which, on the scale of the seventeen States of OHADA, can reach billions. These difficulties lead to question oneself how the other States and regional organizations solved the problems now facing the OHADA States. The study explores, for this purpose, the law of some European Parliament and Council’s regulations on the fight against defaults also constitutes a field of investigation because these instruments address the problems that escaped OHADA’s legislator, particularly those relating to the need for diversion, simplifications of procedure and to the free movement of enforceable titles within OHADA. This prospective analysis, coupled with lessons learned from practice, allows to highlight the “Best Practices” and the reforms needed to make of the simplified recovery procedure an effective instrument to fight against delays and defaults to pay in the States OHADA.
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Amevi De Saba. La protection du créancier dans le droit uniforme de recouvrement des créances de l'OHADA. Droit. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01D036⟩. ⟨tel-01508084⟩

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