Modélisation des phénomènes d'ablation de l'insert d'une tuyère de moteur-fusée à propergol solide. Approche expérimentale et numérique

Abstract : The main objective of this study is understand the ablation mechanisms in the presence of a critical environment in pressure and temperature within a solid propellant rocket motor. The well-known parameters, aluminum percentage in the flow, adiabatic flame temperature and the consequent heat flux in front of the geometry of the insert and its thermochemical properties are studied from anumerical and experimental strategy. The ablation phenomenon, which occurs at the nozzle insert during the operation of the solid propellant rocket motor, is th us studied and results of tests of the small and full-scale motors are presented as well as numerically simulated. Indeed, tests carried-out provide results on the conditions of the material of the insert before and after firing tests, do not allow is to provide a complete analysis of the development of the mechanisms involved during the running time of the engines. To introduce these rather complex physical phenomena a strategy of progressive development is followed. Initially, a 1D model treated the heat transfer equations using a multi-block numerical discretization technique. From the 1D method, simple expressions to represent the evolution of the ablation and pyrolysis fronts are defined. These expressions are then used directly on the treatment of axisymmetric problems and confronted with simulations of the scale motor. Finally, the immersed boundary method is applied to tackle coupling between flow and heat transfer on the insert, highlighting the phenomenon of ablation. The numerical simulations reproduce the experimental results and show a robust numerical methodology, corresponding to expectations in what concerns the evaluation of the ablation phenomenon within a solid propellant rocket motor nozzle.
Keywords : Multi-blocks method
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Theses
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Wilson Kiyoshi Shimote. Modélisation des phénomènes d'ablation de l'insert d'une tuyère de moteur-fusée à propergol solide. Approche expérimentale et numérique. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ESMA0028⟩. ⟨tel-01504822⟩

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