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Le Songe au XVIIIe siècle, ou la mise à l’épreuve du sujet et de ses limites : l’exploration des confins

Abstract : The Dream in the Eighteenth Century or the Testing of the Self This thesis investigates the discourse about dreams in philosophy of mind of the Enlightenment to Diderot, after an initial examination of the sources of Cartesianism. Next it proceeds to study the dream frame narratives produced in the 1730-1790 period.First, it shows that the dream is increasingly studied as an episode in the life of the mind; dreams pervade the wake, soon unfolding the operations of our mind, memory and imagination. They involve world and matter, and become a model reflecting all aspects of the mind, finally turning into a model of scientific discovery in Denis Diderot’s writings. Secondly, we turn to literary dreams as frame narratives, short flippant texts, significantly grouped together in series by Argens or by Mercier. This form favours the exploration of the dark confines of the self, in the love pilgrimage, in satirical or philosophical dreams : triumph of hedonism, Oceanic Feeling, scopic drive, drive towards death and self destruction.
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Hélène David. Le Songe au XVIIIe siècle, ou la mise à l’épreuve du sujet et de ses limites : l’exploration des confins. Littératures. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL30045⟩. ⟨tel-01502308⟩



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