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L'élaboration d'une culture artistique régionale : Grenoble et ses artistes de 1796 à 1853 : (volume 1 - texte)

Abstract : Our study into The emergence of a regional artistic culture […] proposes exploring artistic output in Dauphiné in the first half of the 19th century. Inspired by the increasing trend seen over recent years towards examining regional cultural identity, the purpose of our research is to fill a void but also to meet a wider demand for knowledge about this period, one overlooked at a local level but which was nevertheless very rich in dialogue and experimentation. We seek to explain the correlation between the artistic, institutional and social components of the cultural environment in Dauphiné, to assess their roles and importance. To do so, our field of study has been limited to painting, sculpture and drawing due to their prominent position in the exhibitions. Moreover, we should specify that since 1790 the Dauphiné area has included the departments of Isère, Drôme and Hautes-Alpes. However, the main department analysed in our investigation is Isère and more particularly the town of Grenoble, where much of the region's artistic activity is concentrated.Thus, how was regional artistic life structured through the institutions and what has been the importance of the individual actions with regard to its development? A study of the founding and role of the institutions in Grenoble, where we find the existence of a drawing class, a museum, an exhibition and a ‘Friends of the Arts’ society, firstly shows the different collective and individual efforts being made. An exploration of the local heritage in addition to the interest shown by Grenoble’s inhabitants in art and cultural activities confirm that Grenoble and its residents took an interest in the development and dissemination of the fine arts.Secondly, an examination of the careers of regional artists and the arrival in Dauphiné of painters and illustrators from outside the area or the eventual destination of the works, naturally generate questions concerning training, travel, the circulation of people, of works, and the artistic relationships existing between the various regions. Additionally, these subjects gradually lead us to consider such matters at national and transnational level. At a national level, Paris takes centre stage due to the training it provides for artists from the French regions but also for the cultural emulation effect characterising it. At a transnational level, Italy has attracted many artists from Dauphiné, thanks to its geographical proximity to Dauphiné and its high "top of mind" status in the artistic imagination. It cannot be denied that the interactions between artists and the clash of different cultures contributed to the rise of the artistic scene in Dauphiné. But just as the region's artists were exploring other areas, movement was also occurring in the other direction, with Dauphiné constantly being visited by "outsiders". Their contribution is a fundamental issue which we have examined as they have sometimes been the source of aesthetic changes in Dauphiné's artistic output. Similarly, an examination of the geography of the sites at which Dauphiné's artistic works are stored enables us to appreciate the extent of their "reach" outside Dauphiné and also to identify which themes were particularly sought-after.Finally, our research highlights the growth and diversity of Dauphiné's artistic production to position local artists in a wider sphere of contemporary sensitivity and ability. From the "major" genre to the "minor" genres, it assesses regional creative output, explaining what characterises it and how it follows national fluctuations in output.It was therefore necessary without a doubt to examine the first half of the 19th century to understand how a regional artistic culture emerged in Dauphiné and to better understand the sources of the success of local painters after 1850 and more generally the growth of the fine arts in Dauphiné in the 19th century.
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Candice Humbert. L'élaboration d'une culture artistique régionale : Grenoble et ses artistes de 1796 à 1853 : (volume 1 - texte). Art et histoire de l'art. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016GREAH020⟩. ⟨tel-01497820⟩



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