Impacts des ouvrages souterrains sur l’eau souterraine urbaine : Application à l’agglomération lyonnais

Abstract : Urban subsoil provides space, groundwater, geothermal energy and geomaterials, and the importance underlying the management of this strategic space is well-known. In the context of vertical urban growth, groundwater management, is a crucial issue. The aim of the PhD thesis was to improve the knowledge related to the impacts caused by underground structures on groundwater resource in order to provide a basis for the decision making dedicated to urban planners. The understanding of the role played by numerous types of underground structures was improved at the decision-making scale. Underground structures involving pumping devices were shown to be responsible for the fragmentation of flow systems, which can modify the urban groundwater regime. Under low gradient conditions, impervious structures were confirmed to have a nonsignificant effect on water table elevation. Regarding quality, reservoir theory was applied to assess the impact of underground structures on groundwater quality. This theory allows to take into account the advective and dispersive part of groundwater flow. A dispersive piston effect is shown to occur under the structures, favoring the vertical spreading of pollutants. In addition, the impacts of underground structures on urban groundwater temperature were investigated. The annual heat from underground structures were computed deterministically, highlighting the significant thermally affected zones. Finally, the impacts of underground structures on groundwater flow quality and temperatures were analyzed in order to prevent risks and disturbances : flood risk, degradation of groundwater quality, jeopardizing geothermal potential.
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Guillaume Attard. Impacts des ouvrages souterrains sur l’eau souterraine urbaine : Application à l’agglomération lyonnais. Hydrologie. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSET002⟩. ⟨tel-01496786⟩

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