Contribution au développement des moteurs à apport de chaleur externe utilisés pour la conversion des rejets thermiques industriels en électricité. Modélisation et optimisation thermodynamique d’un nouveau convertisseur : Turbosol

Abstract : To convert the industrial waste heat into mechanical, or electrical energy, is a way to decrease the greenhouse gases emission and the energy consumption. The present PhD thesis is co-financed by the french Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), in this context. The other co-financer, the company Hevatech, exploits the patent of a new heat converter into electricity named Turbosol®. Turbosol® is a good candidate for the industrial waste heat recovery. The concept is currently developed by the study of a prototype and the installation of the prototype on industrial site. The Turbosol® cycle originality is the quasi-isothermal expansion of the water vapor. Consequently, the Turbosol® cycle is close to the Carnot cycle. In the manuscript first part, the possibility of the feasibility of an engine operating according to the Carnot cycle is studied. A Carnot engine with a changing phase working fluid is modeled and optimized by maximization of the net power output. The variables are the optimal vaporization and condensation temperatures, and the optimal allocation of a total thermal transfer area between the condenser and the evaporator. Then, in the second part, the model of the Carnot engine is adapted to the Turbosol® prototype. In the sensitivity analysis, the vaporization temperature and the mass flow rate of the working fluid are identified as optimization variables. So, the Turbosol® converter is optimized by maximization of the net power output and the first law efficiency for a given waste heat fluid to valorize
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Mathilde Blaise. Contribution au développement des moteurs à apport de chaleur externe utilisés pour la conversion des rejets thermiques industriels en électricité. Modélisation et optimisation thermodynamique d’un nouveau convertisseur : Turbosol. Energie électrique. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0147⟩. ⟨tel-01495040⟩

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