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Two-field nuclear magnetic resonance : spectroscopy and relaxation

Abstract : We present the development of multiple-field liquid-state NMR spectroscopy for the determination of the structure and dynamics of small molecules and proteins. Dynamics of proteins side-chains in the pico- to nanosecond range have been studied in the protein ubiquitin, by measuring the relaxation of carbon-13 nuclei in isoleucine-δ1 methyl groups, with site-specific isotope labelling. High-field relaxation rates and longitudinal relaxation rates obtained using high-resolution relaxometry have been analysed using a new version of the program ICARUS, adapted for methyl groups. The relaxation matrix has been calculated with a homemade program called RedKite. Models of spectral density function have been proposed to account for all motions of methyl groups. This unprecedented dataset allows for the description of motions in methyl groups over 3 orders of magnitudes of correlation times. Two-field NMR has been developed in collaboration with Bruker. The two-field NMR spectrometer allows for the control of nuclear spins in two magnetic centres with vastly different magnetic fields, coupled with a sample shuttle. Using zero-quantum coherences, homo and heteronuclear two-field high-resolution spectra have been obtained, where the two dimensions are acquired at very different magnetic fields. Such pulse sequences have been used to reduce the contribution of chemical exchange to transverse relaxation, even when this exchange makes signals invisible at high field. The reduced bandwidth of signals at low field has also been used to perform efficient isotropic mixing in a two-field TOCSY experiment. Correlations have been observed for carbon-13 signals separated by more than 150 ppm.
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Samuel Cousin. Two-field nuclear magnetic resonance : spectroscopy and relaxation. Chemical Physics [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066354⟩. ⟨tel-01494791⟩

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