Approche du frittage SPS de céramiques fines de carbure de bore : rôle des poudres initiales et de la mise en forme

Abstract : Sintering of dense boron carbide ceramics by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) without sintering additives was investigated. The shaping effect of the commercial boron carbide powder was analysed. In this context, a study on the suspension of the powder was carried out, and four solvents allowing to obtain stable suspensions were thus identified (deionized water, mixture of deionized water/tetramethylammonium, oleic acid and ethylene glycol). Higher green relative densities were obtained by the liquid route and slip casting compared to those obtained by uniaxial pressing. In addition, the SPS sintering cycle has been optimized based on these parameters: temperature, isothermal dwell-time, applied uniaxial stress. The associated densification kinetics led to the establishment of a sintering map for SPS treatment of the considered boron carbide powders. This map showed a wide range of values of relative density (between 84 and 97%), for which densification process occurs without grain growth. The comparison of the experimental data with the viscoplastic model of Olevsky led to the identification of the densification mechanisms, based in particular on the determined values of stress exponent (about 3-4) and of apparent activation energy (112 kJ.mol-1). Thus, it has been demonstrated that consolidation of boron carbide was assisted by a plastic deformation mechanism governed by dislocation motion. The microstructural observations also suggest the existence of a twinning phenomenon at high temperature. In parallel, a specific instrumentation was set up to identify the operating features of the pulsed current generator. Based on these electrical data, a robust numerical model by finite element of the SPS process has been established. The development of this numerical model allowed to optimize the sintering conditions of larger boron carbide ceramics. This scaling up has required the optimization of parameters such as the sintering temperature or the geometrical characteristics of the die.
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Mathias Georges. Approche du frittage SPS de céramiques fines de carbure de bore : rôle des poudres initiales et de la mise en forme. Matériaux. Université de Limoges, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIMO0132⟩. ⟨tel-01494486⟩

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