Dispersão de nanopartículas magnéticas em meios complexos biodegradáveis

Abstract : Magnetic nanocolloids are dispersions of magnetic nanostructures in a carrier fluid. Thanks to the original properties of both the liquid and the magnetic particles, these dispersions can be confined, moved, deformed and controlled by applying an external magnetic field. Such dispersions thus have many applications in nanoscience and nanotechnologies.We studied the dispersion of magnetic nanoparticles in deep eutectic solvents (DES). These solvents (DES), obtained by mixing a quaternary ammonium salt (e.g., choline chloride Ch) and a hydrogen bond donor (e.g., ethyleneglycol EG or Urea U) have properties similar to ionic liquids, and are also biodegradable. One of the questions about these dispersions is the nature of the forces implied in colloidal stability, since the DLVO model classically used in water cannot be invoked here due to the very high ionic strength of the solvent.In a first step, we have carefully characterized two DES ((ChEG (1:3) and ChU (1:2) in mol), measuring the density and viscosity for temperatures between 20 and 45°C. We could thus show the high association in these liquids.A protocol to disperse nanoparticles of maghemite (Fe2O3) or mixed ferrite (CoxZn1-xFe2O4) is then proposed, and the obtained dispersions are studied by dynamic light scattering and SAXS. The size polydispersity was reduced by size sorting, and it reveals that the smallest particles are the most easy to disperse in the DES.Last, a synthesis of NMP in clay dispersion was tested and showed promising results with a reduced size polydispersity.
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Cynara Caroline Kern Barreto. Dispersão de nanopartículas magnéticas em meios complexos biodegradáveis. Inorganic chemistry. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066419⟩. ⟨tel-01493667⟩

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